Italy has a variety of climate systems. For instance, the inland northern areas of Italy have a relatively cool, mid-latitude version of the Humid subtropical climate.
On the other hand, the coastal areas of Liguria and the peninsula south of Florence generally fit the Mediterranean climate profile.
Between the north and south there is of course a considerable difference regarding the temperatures. In winter, the temperatures differ the most.
Italy is not considered a huge country. However, the climate differs dramatically from the top to the toe of this boot.
The country has many geographical “abnormalities”, such as mountains, volcanoes, lakes, that make the weather to vary greatly.
A typical example is that with the Italian long coastlines and mountain ranges, which are located near to a city. The temperature can change in a matter of minutes as you enter the city a few kilometers away from the coastline.