Florence located in the Italian peninsula as you can see visually on the map above.

The most populous city in Tuscany, Florence (Firenze for the Italians) is the capital of the region and of the Metropolitan City of Florence!The population of Florence, Italy is approximately 380,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1,000,000 inhabitants in its metropolitan area.
Pisa International Airport or Aeroporto Internazionale di Pisa in Italian, located in Pisa. The Pisa airport is also named Galileo Galilei Airport.The main river in Florence, Italy is the Arno River. Three other minor waterways flow through Florence: the Mugnone, Terzolle and the Greve River.The main train station in Florence, Italy, is Firenze Santa Maria Novella.
It is located in Piazza della Stazione in front of the apse of the Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, from which it takes its name. The weather is temperate. It has humid, hot summers with light rainfall and humid, cool winters.